We had the funk


A new double album chronicles the 1960s-70s Twin Cities R&B scene.

Maurice Young of the Valdons performed at a preview party for the compilation "Twin Cities Funk & Soul."
Photo by Renee Jones Schneider

It felt like equal parts war-vet reunion and dog-and-pony show in the Uptown offices of Secret Stash Records. A half-dozen elder statesmen of Twin Cities R&B and soul bands hobnobbed with music scenesters half their age, telling them what things were like back in the day. Most of the older guys were dressed to the nines, even though they only played a short, private basement gig.

"Truth be told, we gave Prince one of his first jobs," insisted Maurice Jacox, one of the singers telling just one of many Prince stories.

By the end of last month's preview party for the double LP "Twin Cities Funk & Soul: Lost R&B Grooves From Minneapolis/St. Paul 1964-1979," nearly every musician in the room claimed that the P-man owed them some kind of debt. True or not, they also all believed that Secret Stash's new anthology will offer at least a little repayment for their years of service keeping the scene grooving -- and for integrating it, too.

"We started out playing primarily to black audiences," recalled keyboardist Wilbur Cole, who played in the Exciters and later Band of Thieves. "But eventually, we were playing to everyone. We saw them come together."

To music historians, this era is relevant because it directly preceded the so-called Minneapolis Sound, also made famous by the Time, Alexander O'Neal and Lipps Inc.'s "Funkytown."

"Prince didn't grow up in a vacuum," insisted Will Gilbert, the Secret Stash staffer who spent months digging through Minnesota Historical Society records, back issues of the Minneapolis Spokesman-Recorder, you name it, looking for details and photos from this "lost" era.

As with all the specialty releases from Minneapolis' hot new reissue label, the Secret Stash staff judged the collection less on its historical purpose than its musical value.

"We took the historian side of it very seriously, because it's the only collection of its kind and we felt like we had one chance to get it right," said label co-founder Eric Foss, but "first and foremost, the music had to really hit us."

"TC Funk & Soul" hits like a middleweight boxer and rarely lets up. From the hard-grooving, early-'60s R&B sounds of Dave Brady & the Stars and Maurice McKinnies to the more acidic funk of late-'70s bands Prophets of Peace and the Lewis Connection, it's the kind of collection you can imagine hip-hop producers sampling from and record collectors salivating over.

A sign of its broad appeal, it's the rare Secret Stash effort issued on CD in addition to the trendier vinyl edition.

"We know how to market to young hipsters, and I think they'll definitely enjoy this," Foss said. "We really want all the people who were around for these bands -- who bought their original 45s and saw them play -- to finally have this music back."

The stars of "TC Funk & Soul" weren't entirely lost. Some are still popular performers around town, including Willie Murphy, Willie Walker and Jacox. Murphy, the white bandleader of the multi-racial Willie & the Bumblebees, said of the new compilation, "It might bring recognition to some of these black artists who were sort of swept under the rug."

There are a lot of those. You would be hard-pressed to find a local music fan today familiar with the Valdons, McKinnies, Dave Brady & the Stars, Jackie Harris, Wanda Davis and Band of Thieves. Many of them will take part in an all-star revue Saturday at the Cedar Cultural Center to promote the album.

"We never got paid for [our recordings], we only played for them," quipped Maurice Young, 64, one of the Valdons, who takes his obscurity in stride. "It doesn't matter if we're famous. We're still here, still around. Everything else is gravy."

Of course, a few of the musicians weren't so lucky. Harp blower Mojo Buford and guitarist Donald Breedlove died in the past year, adding urgency to the project. Buford toured in Muddy Waters' band back then. Here, he is featured with his own funky act, Mojo & His "Chi 4," singing (get this) "She's a Whole Lot's a Woman. "

A few "Lost Grooves" stars really were lost. Dave Brady & the Stars' namesake frontman still hasn't been tracked down. Some thought Harris was deceased. (He moved to Ohio.)

The James Brown-channeling Harris and his pioneering record label of the late '60s, Black & Proud, were an impetus for "TC Funk & Soul." The other big spark was the Lewis Connection, a coed dance band led by brothers Pierre and Andre Lewis. Its 1979 self-titled album caught the attention of Secret Stash staffers because it was selling for $500 in collectors' circles. The reason it's so sought after is the same reason Secret Stash opted not to reissue it: Prince. He plays guitar on one of the tracks -- but not "Get Up," the "Funkytown"-like party tune featured on "TC Funk & Soul."

Secret Stash's crew was ultimately too afraid of Prince's litigious ways to issue the whole album. Still, it planted the seed, and the collection grew relatively easily from there.

These bands were much more about performing than recording.

"Everyone went out to see the show bands and the singing groups," remembered Jacox. "I don't know if people today can understand the kind of excitement these groups generated at their shows."

They would play to mostly black audiences in north Minneapolis at the Riverview Supper Club, the Blue Note or the Cozy Bar. Crowds were more mixed south of downtown at Mr. Lucky's and, later, the Flame. "There were nights we would have 700 people at the Flame," Young remembered. "It only held about 500."

Not that racial issues were anywhere near utopian. Some black musicians felt they received lesser treatment. And there are lingering memories of police harassment at one late-'60s hotbed, King Solomon's Mine. Located at the foot of the Foshay Tower, it was the first racially integrated club in downtown Minneapolis but closed in 1970.

"All in all, things were pretty good," said Willie Walker, one of several singers in the collection who relocated from the South. Not only were crowds integrated, "but you had the jobs up here," said Walker. "Music didn't pay all the bills."

Many of the musicians featured on "TC Funk & Soul" don't expect much financial benefit from sales of the new compilation. Still, they hope it might lead to more live shows.

At last month's preview party, Young and fellow Valdons singer Monroe Wright III sang the Tom Jones hit "I (Who Have Nothing)," which the Valdons also recorded. Afterward, they laughed over the last time they had sung it together: "It was eight years ago at karaoke," Young recalled.

"I think we shouldn't do this once and call it a day," interjected Jimmy "Jimmieapolis" Wallace, a saxophonist with several of the bands. "We should make this a regular thing. None of us are getting any younger."

No laughs this time, just nods of agreement.


With: Members of the Valdons, Exciters, Wanda Davis, Jackie Harris, more. When: 8 p.m. Sat. Where: Cedar Cultural Center, 416 Cedar Av. S., Mpls. Tickets: $13. www.thecedar.org.